At that time, the act of publishing academic inquiry was controversial, and widely ridiculed.The academy was later instrumental in founding the Muslim city of Baghdad as a center of learning, and serving as the model for the first Muslim hospital ( bimaristan ) at Damascus.

It has wider application, with it also being used to describe those whose occupation was researched prior to organized higher education.However, an academy was what later became known as a high school.

15 Nalanda, ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India 16 from 427 to 1197 Nalanda was established in the 5th century AD in Bihar, India.The most notable of these new schools were in Bologna, Salamanca, Paris, Oxford and Cambridge, while others were opened throughout Europe.